郭伟:关于“ 增值税、分税制、金融监管、医疗反腐”的点评

上一篇 / 下一篇  2013-06-06 10:28:30 / 个人分类:专业视角


——我的新浪微博精选

◆媒体称:作为我国第一大税种的增值税,有望进入立法程序。目前,我国征收增值税的依据是国务院1993年12月13日颁布实施的《增值税暂行条例》、2008年11月5日修订的《增值税暂条条例》。【评】应该同时把那些不能与时俱进的涉税条款(如:赠品不在同一张发票征税)等等问题进行修改。

◆媒体称:自今年8月1日起,将交通运输业和部分现代服务业“营改增”试点在全国范围内推开。来自财政部的数据显示,此次进一步扩大“营改增”试点,2013年企业将减轻负担约1200亿元。【评】这不仅仅是税制的改革,而是涉及到产业的调整。特别是交通运输、建筑安装行业,垄断、整合的时代已经开始了。

◆媒体称:广东省地税局局长王南健表示,“100元的GDP,中央就拿走了55元。这样的量化,最直接的反映了当前分税制的问题。中央拿得多,但实际上用得不好,而地方拿得少,实际上承担的财政支出却非常高,上头点菜,地方埋单,地方政府苦不堪言”。【评】这样的言论有些“不讲政治”,但说的可是实话啊!

◆媒体称:西安市莲湖区某地税专管员透露,“最近省局下达了众多完税补税任务,要求对一些缴税异常的公司提前检查,严格控制本区域的公司外迁,如非要外迁必须一次性清查该公司过往三年的财务报表,以及记账凭证。”【评】此情景在国内绝不是“个案”,而是普遍现象。画地为牢的税务征管方式,该休矣了!

◆媒体称:温州市国税局与温州银行、温州市冠盛汽车零部件公司分别签订了《税收遵从协议》。协议生效期间,除了涉税检举、上级布置的税收专案和专项检查外,市国税局将不对这两家企业实施税务稽查。而企业在遇到重大涉税事项时,也应及时向国税部门反映。【评】企业要注意!这样的协议在法律上是无效的。

◆全国工商联调查显示:规模以下的小企业90%没有与金融机构发生任何借贷关系,小微企业95%没有与金融机构发生任何借贷关系。而当前中国具有法人资格的中小企业数量1000多万户,占全国企业总数的99%,贡献了中国60%的GDP、50%的税收,创造了80%的城镇就业机会。【评】这样的局面,恐怕在近期很难改变。

◆媒体称:与征税相比,工商部门已经在谋划“监管先行”,预计在五年内,在全国范围推行经营性网店“亮牌制度”,这个“牌”与现有的商业门户网站首页底端出示“经营许可证”类似,这或将让所有经营性网店“店店有执照”。【评】网点这块“大肥肉”,政府哪能不想吃?看来,网点的好光景不会超过五年了。

◆媒体称:中国反洗钱新规要求金融机构对客户进行风险分级。央行3月在京召开电视电话会议,对2013年反洗钱工作进行了全面部署。副行长李东荣表示,组织开展反洗钱工作,要坚持围绕国家核心利益,深入研究和落实风险为本的工作方法。【评】其目的就是把“纸币换成电子货币”,加强对各项经济行为的监管。

◆媒体称:近日召开的武汉药交会上,在浙江某制药公司展台前,销售人员对客户表示:“出厂价才4.5元,零售价46元,利润空间还是很大的。”而另一展台的消肿片,工作人员称出厂价3元,市面零售价69元。【评】这已是圈内公开的秘密,这位记者属于“孤陋寡闻”。以药商养医生的体系,近期不会有太大的改变。

◆媒体称:湖南药监原副局长等4人搞官商勾结,受贿82万元被查处。被查处的人员几乎覆盖药品从生产到流通领域各个环节,因为“大权在握且利益关联”,他们涉嫌相互勾结,“全程”满足药企请托需求。【评】现在与药相关的政府、医院各部门,属高危行业,送礼的药商们,也要关注自己的法律和税务风险了。

◆媒体称:继去年四川省检察院开展医疗系统反腐专项行动查办128人,其中36名院长,涉案金额1000多万元之后,今年四川医疗系统反腐开始上移,省卫生厅等一批官员被查。【评】这些院长的处境类似于现在的房地产商吗?是“替死鬼”?“倒霉蛋”?“中奖了”?圈内人都懂!

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诚邀您关注“郭伟税务”微信公众平台(微信号:guoweitax)、新浪微博@郭伟税务。“税”的江湖,“深”和“浑”是两大关键字,是“浑水摸鱼”?还是 让税务局看得很清楚,非常准确的把“你这条鱼”捞上来?愿郭伟的“税悟”,能给您的工作、生活带来些启发和帮助。【注:微信平台将于6月中下旬推送特别期刊,敬请持续关注!】

 
 
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