“化学阉割”实施过程:我国立法化学阉割强奸惯犯尚不成熟

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  近日,韩国首次对性犯罪者实施“化学阉割”一事在中国国内引起热议。中国著名刑法学家赵秉志31日就此话题接受记者采访时表示,这一对强奸惯犯实施性冲动药物治疗的做法在中国以往的立法研究中从未触及,立法尚不成熟。

  赵秉志说,“化学阉割”并非新鲜事物,全球有多个国家早已开始实施相关措施。“化学阉割”虽然在预防犯罪方面被证实有效,但由此带来的人权等方面问题使这一做法在法学界仍存在争议。赵秉志表示,性惯犯的犯罪行为存在各种复杂成因,中国不会轻易采纳这一做法,但可在今后立法研究上做进一步探讨。

  韩国国会2010年通过“对于以儿童为对象进行性犯罪,为了防止重犯或者习惯犯罪的预防和治疗法案”,决定对年龄19周岁以上的被告人采取荷尔蒙治疗手段,即“化学阉割”。“化学阉割”的基本原理是一种内分泌疗法,通过对犯人注射抗雄性激素物质,降低其雄性激素,从而达到控制性冲动的目的。本月25日,韩国对一名有4次强奸女童前科的惯犯实施首次药物注射,并在此后3年每3个月对其进行一次治疗。这是韩国历史上首次对性犯罪者实施“化学阉割”。

  据韩国《中央日报》5月23日报道,韩国法务部21日召开会议,一致通过了对4名儿童实施性暴力罪犯朴某下达性冲动药物治疗命令。该罪犯将成为自2011年7月韩国实施《性暴力犯罪者的性冲动药物治疗相关法律》以来首例“化学阉割”适用对象。

 

  据韩国法务部的数据显示,朴某自1984年至2002年间,在首尔仁川等地先后4次对4名未满13岁的女孩实行性暴力或性侵犯。他出狱后每2—3个月就再次对儿童性罪犯,已经服刑近20年。精神鉴定结果判定其为少儿性嗜好症患者,被判处为化学阉割适用对象。朴某将于5月23日接受首次药物治疗,随后每三个月接受一次药物注射。

  报道称,韩国现行法律规定,化学阉割仅适用于对未满16岁儿童进行性暴力的徒刑或被宣判治疗监护、保护监护的19岁以上患有性倒错症的罪犯且有可能再犯的情况。这种方法不是简单的抑制勃起,而是通过调节男性荷尔蒙(睾丸激素)机制来抑制性欲的治疗方法。

  报道指出,化学阉割不同于物理性阉割,且该治疗方法不是将性罪犯仅视为罪犯,还将其视为患者,因此会对其进行心理治疗和认知治疗。该方法目前正在美国和欧洲的许多国家实行。

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